The Ulma Family Museum of Poles Saving Jews in World War II in Markowa


First prize in the architectural concept proposal competition

24. 03. 1944
Wiktoria and Józef Ulma and their six children were shot dead in Markowa by Nazi military police officers

1995
Yad Vashem granted the Ulmas the title of the Righteous Among the Nations

The Ulma Family Museum in Markowa is Poland’s first institution commemorating Poles who helped Jews.
Within the museum’s layout composition it is not only the form, but all the other elements, too, such as
texture and material, that are to express the content related to the museum’s message. The symbolic vision of
home, which is associated with love and security, was confronted by the designers with compositional forms
that express anxiety and threat.
Inside the museum there is twilight, illuminated by the glow of light coming from the heart of the building,
which is a glass cuboid symbolising the home of Józef and Wiktoria Ulma.
The viewing path of the museum leads around the cuboid and across the 7 thematic sections, where the story
is told through artefacts, documents, photographs, and materials presented at manual and multimedia
stands. The interior of the Museum is kept in simple and monumental poetics of concrete walls.
The sharp wedge-shaped structure of the building cuts into the terrain behind the house, where the designers
have located the Memory Orchard planted with apple, pear, and plum trees and which refers both to Józef
Ulma’s orchard and the Olive Garden of the Righteous at Yad Vashem.